Lula da Silva sworn in as President of Brazil

(CNN) — Lula da Silva was sworn in as President of the Brazilian Congress BrazilLula’s third term begins.

“I pledge to uphold, defend, uphold the Constitution, uphold the laws, promote the common good of the people of Brazil, and support the unity, integrity and independence of Brazil,” Lula da Silva said.

Members of Parliament applauded Lula before breaking into chants of “Ole, ole Ola, Lula, Lula.”

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva greets supporters with his wife Rosangela da Silva, Vice President-elect Geraldo Alcmin and his wife Maria Lucia Ribeiro Alcmin on their way to the National Congress for his inauguration ceremony in Brasilia, Brazil. 2023. Credit: CARL DE SOUZA/AFP via Getty Images

The President of the Senate opened the ceremony by paying homage skin And Pope Benedict with a minute of silence.

During the ceremony, Lula broke with traditional protocol to tell a short story about the pen he used to sign congressional documents.

Credit: CARL DE SOUZA/AFP via Getty Images

“In 1989 I was at a rally in Biavi, then we walked to San Benito Church and a citizen gave me this pen and asked me to use it to sign if I won the election in 89. I didn’t win. The election in 89, I didn’t win in 94, I didn’t win in 98. In 2002 I won but I forgot my pen when I got here and I signed with the senator pen, I signed in 2006. The senate pen and now I have found the pen, I am doing it as a tribute to the people of Biaw state,” he said.

“The diagnosis we received from the transition cabinet is horrifying. They emptied resources for health, destroyed education, culture, science, destroyed environmental protection, leaving no resources for school meals, vaccinations, public safety, forest protection and social assistance,” Lula told Congress. After taking office.

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“Public resources have never been so badly spent in support of an authoritarian power project,” Lula added.

While lamenting the current state of the country, Lula reiterated that one of his goals in life was to provide better living conditions for the Brazilian people.

“When I was first elected, I said that my mission in life would be fulfilled when every Brazilian eats three meals a day. To have to repeat this pledge today is a very serious symptom of the devastation that has befallen this country in recent years, given the progression of suffering and hunger we have experienced before.

“No nation can rise and escape the misery of its own people. The rights and interests of the people, the strengthening of democracy and the restoration of national sovereignty will be the pillars of our government, and this commitment begins with a guarantee of a renewed, strong and fair Family Allowance. 33 million people must be rescued from starvation,” Lula insisted.

Change in Deforestation Policy

Lauding Brazil’s natural resources, Lula promised to U-turn his predecessor’s deforestation policy in the Amazon, while seeking to boost the country’s capacity.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, along with his wife, First Lady Rosangela “Janja” da Silva, received the presidential sash from Brazil’s indigenous leader and environmentalist Rawni Meductre, known as Chief Roni, and other community representatives in Brasilia in January. 1, 2023. – Credit: EVARISTO SA/AFP via EVARISTO SA/AFP via Getty Images)

“No other country is in a position where Brazil needs to become an environmental powerhouse. Taking creativity, bioeconomy and social biodiversity initiatives as starting points, we will initiate an energy and ecological transition towards sustainable agriculture and mining, family farming and green industry. “Our goal is zero deforestation, zero greenhouse gas emissions in the Amazon,” Lula said during his speech before Congress.

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“We are not going to tolerate the environmental degradation and deforestation that have so damaged the country. Although this was not a reason for the creation of the Ministry of Indigenous People,” Lula continued.

Brazil’s new president promised to “address the inequality of minorities in the country by creating a ministry to promote racial equality to expand the policy of affirmative action in universities and public services, as well as relaunch policies for black and brown people in the health, education and cultural areas.”

Bolsonaro traveled to the United States

Jair Bolsonaro did not attend the ceremony, as he left Brazil for Florida on Friday and did not specify a date for his return.

His trip to the US breaks with Brazilian convention that outgoing presidents must attend the inauguration of their successors. The Brazilian government issued a decree on Friday authorizing five officials to accompany “future former president” Bolsonaro to Miami, Florida, between January 1 and 30, 2023.

Bolsonaro’s former vice-president, Hamilton Mourau, addressed the nation on national television on Saturday, the last day of his rule, criticizing leaders for creating a “chaotic situation”.

“Leaders who are supposed to affirm and unite the nation around a national project have allowed that peace to create an environment of chaos and social division,” Morau said, adding that the armed forces must foot the bill. After the election results, Bolsonaro addressed the public only three times, none of which said he accepted the results, encouraging his radical base that the result could be overturned.

Lula da Silva won a stunning comeback on October 30, marking Brazil’s left-wing return to power after four years of Bolsonaro’s far-right administration.

Credit: EVARISTO SA/AFP via Getty Images

Remarkably returned to power after corruption charges led to 580 days in prison. The Supreme Court later ruled a mistrial, clearing the way for him to run for re-election.

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This is his third term after ruling Brazil for two consecutive terms between 2003 and 2010.

8,000 agents for the inauguration ceremony

The Federal District Security Department said the security presence at the festival is heavy, with around 8,000 security agents from various police forces mobilized this Sunday.

Earlier on Sunday, military police arrested a man in Brasilia after a man was caught trying to enter a possession ceremony with a knife and fireworks, officials said in a statement. The suspect had traveled from Rio de Janeiro.

Brazil’s Supreme Court judge on Wednesday ordered a four-day ban on the carrying of firearms in the capital, which was extended until the end of Sunday as a precaution before the festival.

A security agent walks with an anti-drone gun before the inauguration ceremony of President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in Brasilia on January 1, 2023. – Credit: CARL DE SOUZA/AFP via Getty Images

It does not apply to active members of the armed forces, police and private security guards, wrote Justice Alexandre de Moraes.

Lula da Silva’s group called for a ban on handguns within days after police arrested a man suspected of possessing explosives at Brasilia International Airport.

The suspect, identified as gas station manager Jorge Washington de Oliveira Souza, 54, told police in a statement seen by CNN that he was a supporter of Jair Bolsonaro and that he intended to “create chaos” to prevent Lula da Silva’s re-election.

Brazil’s new president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, delivers a speech after his inauguration at the National Congress on January 1, 2023 in Brasilia. Credit: MAURO PIMENTEL/AFP via Getty Images

Moraes’ ban came into effect when thousands of Bolsonaro supporters gathered at military camps across the country to protest the results, calling on the military to intervene in what they say, without evidence, the election was stolen.

Bolsonaro condemned the Sousa bombing attempt on Friday, saying there was “no justification” for a “terrorist act”.

“Brazil will not end on January 1, you can be sure of that,” the outgoing president said, referring to Lula da Silva’s inauguration date.

“Today we have people who know a lot about politics,” he added. “They understand what is at stake. Good will prevail. We have leaders all over Brazil. New or re-elected politicians will make a difference.

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