5 keys to his peace proposal to end the war in Ukraine

China presented a document this Friday that reaffirms its position on the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which began exactly one year ago. These include respect for sovereignty, a call for dialogue and the rejection of the use of nuclear weapons.

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Organized into 12 points, the document presents Beijing as a neutral actor, calling on both sides to start peace talks. But this neutrality is being challenged by Ukraine’s allies. The US, EU and NATO are skeptical of the proposal.

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In recent days, Washington has said that Beijing intends to supply Russia with weapons, which China vehemently denies.

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The fact is that a week before the outbreak of war, the presidents of China and Russia, Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin, committed themselves to friendly relations “without limits” in Beijing. China maintained an ambiguous position during the conflictAccordingly, he calls for respect for Ukrainian territorial integrity while opposing economic sanctions against Moscow.

(Visit our special: Ukraine: A Year into Unrelenting War with Russia)

These are the main points of the document released this Friday and the international reactions it has provoked.

Respect for sovereignty

In its first phase, the document states: “The sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all countries must be effectively protected.”

China has always refused to clearly blame Russia in the specific case of the conflict in Ukraine, which was triggered by the invasion of Ukrainian territory by Russian forces.

on the news network CNNWhite House national security adviser Jack Sullivan responded that the document “could have been stopped at the first stage.” “The war will end tomorrow if Russia stops attacking Ukraine and withdraws its forces.”.

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Sullivan asserted: “Russia has already lost this war. Russia’s objectives in the war were to wipe Ukraine off the map and absorb it. They have failed and they are in no position to do so.”

Jens Stoltenberg, head of NATO, expressed his doubts about China’s plan to end the war in Ukraine. Beijing “doesn’t have much credibility” in that conflict.

“Among the proposals and points put forward by China, first of all, China does not have much credibility, because it could not condemn the illegal occupation of Ukraine. Also, a few days before the invasion it signed an agreement (…) unlimited communication with Russia,” Stoltenberg told reporters.

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Call for conversation

Another point points out the necessity A ceasefire and a call for “restraint” to “prevent the situation from escalating”.. China has called for peace talks between Russia and Ukraine, insisting that “negotiation and dialogue are the only viable solutions”.

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“The international community must be committed to promoting peace talks and the right approach to open the door to a political solution for the parties (involved) in this conflict as soon as possible, and create the necessary conditions and platforms for the resumption of negotiations.” China assesses.

It must be said While maintaining its ties with its strategic ally in Moscow, China has sought to position itself as a neutral party in the conflict.. His chief of diplomacy, Wang Yi, met Putin and his foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, in the Russian capital on Wednesday during a visit to present his “political solution” to the war.

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A summary of the meeting published by the government agency XinhuaWang said China wants to “deepen political trust” and strengthen its strategic integration with Russia. Following Wang’s visit, Moscow pointed it out Beijing has presented its vision for a “political solution” to the conflict.

After learning about this plan, Kiev and Moscow responded. “(In that plan) it seems to me that there is respect for our territorial integrity (…) and we should work with China on that matter,” said Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who said he was ready to meet the Chinese president. Xi Jinping. Moscow, for its part, said it “respected” Chinese efforts to end the conflict, but stressed the need to recognize its control over the four annexed Ukrainian regions.

The UN considered that The Asian giant’s plan marks a “major contribution”.

The international community must be committed to the right approach by promoting peace talks and assisting the parties involved in this conflict.

Since the beginning of the Russian invasion, China has provided diplomatic and financial support to Putin, but It refrained from military involvement or deployment of lethal weapons. State-controlled Chinese companies sold drones and other equipment to both Russia and Ukraine, and Moscow was forced to turn to Iran for these drones.

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But the questions are not few. German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier expressed his “scepticism”. China’s “constructive role” for peace in UkraineAfter publishing this proposal.

“Any constructive plan that brings us closer to a just peace is welcome. It is doubtful that China, a world power, wants to play such a constructive role,” he said at a ceremony in Berlin marking the first anniversary of the Russian invasion.

“In that case, China should not only talk to Moscow, but also to Kiev. In that case, China should work with the majority of states to commit to peace under the auspices of the UN,” the German president added. Basically honorific, but its word counts in Germany.

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No nuclear weapons

The document opposes the use of nuclear weapons. “Nuclear proliferation and nuclear crisis must be prevented,” he insists.

The stance comes after statements by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who on Tuesday announced the suspension of the New Start treaty, the last bilateral agreement of its kind between the Russians and the Americans, aimed at limiting their nuclear arsenals.

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China “opposes the research, development and use of chemical and biological weapons by any country under any circumstances,” he recalled in his document. It added that both parties “must strictly respect international humanitarian law and refrain from attacks against civilians or civilian buildings”. And highlights it Supports “Russian-Ukrainian prisoner exchange”.

Don’t have a ‘Cold War mentality’

Beijing says one must “abandon the Cold War mentality,” a term routinely used by Chinese diplomacy.

The document, in a semi-veiled criticism of NATO, confirms that “The security of a region should not be achieved by strengthening or expanding military bases,” and “the legitimate security interests and concerns of all nations must be taken seriously.”

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In recent months, the Chinese Foreign Ministry has accused the United States and its allies of supplying weapons and equipment to Ukraine.

Indeed, Zelensky on Friday said Ukraine’s victory in the war against Russia was “inevitable” if Western countries, which have already begun supplying heavy tanks, continue their aid.

“If our partners keep their word and respect the deadlines, an inevitable victory awaits us (…) I want it to be this year,” Zelensky said at a news conference in Kiev.

Poland announced that it had already sent four Panther 2 heavy tanks to Ukraine and promised to send 60 Polish PT-91 tanks “very soon”. Sweden indicated it would deliver “approximately” ten Leopards, and Germany announced the shipment of four more, in addition to the fourteen already planned to bolster the Ukrainian resistance.

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Meanwhile, Canada will send four additional main battle tanks to Ukraine, doubling its commitment, and 192 Russian individuals and companies will be cleared, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced Friday.

Ukraine’s Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov made the promise At a time when heavy fighting was going on in the east, a general counter-offensive. “We will strike hard from long distances through air, land, sea and cyberspace,” he said.

This Friday, China is also criticizing unilateral sanctions imposed on Moscow. “They cannot solve the conflict, they can only create new problems,” he insists.

Beijing “clearly sees the conflict in Ukraine as the result of a Cold War mentality and outdated security architecture in Europe,” said Manoj Kevalramani, a China expert at Takshashila Institute in Bangalore. , India.

It is noteworthy that the United States this Friday precisely announced new economic sanctions against the ministers of the Putin-led Russian government, the governors of the country’s regions, other politicians and many more, a year after the start of the Ukrainian war. Russian companies.

The State Department explained in a statement that the sanctions were the most comprehensive announced to date Participating in government for recruiting civilians to fight in Ukraine or being part of an economic network that financed the war.

The move was echoed by the European Union, which on Friday agreed to a tenth set of sanctions against Russia “in extremism,” including a ban on exporting technology for military use and measures against Iranian companies that supply drones to Moscow.

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Limit the economic impact

China also wants the global economy protected from the impact of the conflict in Ukraine, particularly by protecting the Black Sea Initiative. An agreement to allow the export of Ukrainian grain despite the situation.

Another priority, according to China, is “maintaining the stability of industry and supply chains”, for which all parties concerned must “resist using the global economy as a tool or weapon for political purposes”.

Among the remaining points, Beijing has shown its support for the reconstruction of Ukraine after the war, with China ready to “provide assistance”.

WILLIAM MORENO HERNANDEZ

International writing

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