The World Bank in a new report revealed that 87% of the poor people in Nigeria in 2016 are found in the north.
According to the report released on January 28, 2020, titled ‘Advancing social protection in a dynamic Nigeria’, the social protection measures introduced and implemented by the Nigerian Government had not addressed the high level of poverty in the nation.
The World Bank report which was described as a detailed analysis of the social protection sector in Nigeria noted that the government’s social investment programme had not addressed the negative impact of conflicts and natural disasters in the country.
“Social protection measures in the country are neither well-suited to respond to conflict, nor well-placed to anticipate and mitigate the risks of natural disasters caused by climate change.”
“Poverty remains high in Nigeria due to its dire social service delivery outcomes and lack of basic infrastructure.
“Nigeria has the highest number of out-of-school children of primary school age in the world with nine million children out of school.
“There has been little change in vaccination rates over the last 25 years and Nigeria is set to overtake India as the country with most under-five deaths in the world.”
The report further revealed that Nigeria, though blessed with great resources, still remains the home to larger proportion of the world’s extreme poor people.
The report says that the North-West region, where President Muhammadu Buhari’s home state, Katsina, is located, is home to almost half of the poor people in the nation.
The report reads below in parts; “Nigeria experiences high inequality along geographic lines, with poverty mostly concentrated in the North and in rural areas.
“Poverty in the northern regions of the country has been increasing, especially in the North-West zone.
“Almost half of all the poor lived in the North-West and the North accounts for 87 per cent of all the poor in the country in 2016.”
“Poverty rates in the southern zones were around 12 per cent with little variation across zones. The South-South zone saw the most significant drop in poverty from 2011-2016.
“Poverty was significantly higher in rural areas of the country in 2016. An estimated 64 per cent of all poor lived in rural areas and 52 per cent of the rural population lived below the poverty line in 2016. In contrast, the poverty rate in urban areas remained stable at 16 per cent between 2011 and 2016.”
“Regionally, the North lags far behind the South in every human capital outcome. People in the Northern regions are also more vulnerable to falling into poverty.
The report also noted that most of the youths recruited by the Boko Haram terrorist group were northern jobless young men without skills or trades.
“Disasters and conflict have displaced many Nigerians, especially in the North-East. According to estimates provided by the International Displacement Monitoring Centre, there were more than two million internally displaced persons in Nigeria as of 31 December 2018.
“In 2018 alone, more than 600,000 Nigerians were displaced due to natural disasters and more than 540,000 were displaced due to conflict and violence.
“In the North-East, the emergence of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram since 2014 has not only caused large scaled displacement, but also several incidences of kidnapping, death, and injuries, and the erosion of social contract due to widespread perception of a failed political promise. Poverty and deprivation have played a central role in fostering a social divide.
“The youth used by Boko Haram to partake in the conflict are jobless, without skills, or trades, and are easily susceptible to radicalisation,” the report said.
Mr. Joseph Simeon is an Editor/Content Creator at Naija Buzz News. He is an experienced content creator. He currently leads a small group of talented writers at Naija Buzz News. He previously served as the Relationship Editor at 1Push.Ng. He studied Public Administration at the Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State, before proceeding to Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna for his Advance Studies in Public Administration. Simeon loves and enjoys playing football.